Come Together In Love and Healing

How many people know about www.advocatesfordrsebi.org and have not told you about it? There has been a version of health addressed since 1988 that cuts itself away from general health concerns (industry capitalism), escapes from the use of terms like “holistic” and “alternative” in order to present “complimentary” principles and the “African Bio-Mineral Balance” instead of a vegan application. We need healing. Has anyone told you where you can go to get additional information for the purposes of getting a handle on your health? Lets us come together at least in healing and spread the word about where people can go to learn more about Dr. Sebi and how he actually cures diseases.

Not only did he refer to the tools of healing as compounds, but also LOVE; listen for yourself:

come-together-in-love


COME TOGETHER IN LOVE

“At least in healing.” Dr. Sebi says that capacity to love comes with health and that healing does not come with herbs alone. We have to obstain from the foods that we have been conditioned to eat. Those of us who are healthy; the sick is our responsibility because we will one day be elders as well. – We need them and they need us. In this audio Dr. Sebi is referencing how the Usha family (Dr. Sebi Cell Food & Usha Village)  and others who were helping him heal people (his wife, Annette, Lori, Margery, Judy and a few more) can rectify the situation of people lacking the knowledge and money necessary for healing in our current world, by coming together. The video in it’s entirety is located below.

ABOUT THE SONG

I wrote this song after listening to so much of what Dr. Sebi had to say. It is very easy to get all caught up into acquiring natural herbs and compounds because Dr. Sebi speaks about it so much, but he also recommends the practice of loving one another along the way to a healthier life. He has been talking about LOVE for 35 years; just as long as he has been talking about being healed by the consumption of compounds made from native plants. Here are the lyrics to the song.

We must ….COME….We must be….TOGETHER….
We must ….COME….We must be….TOGETHER….
We must heal ourselves to get better
in the way we live our lives
Hands raised high, we give our five
to encourage this drive, we live and strive
30 years I delivered this message ….BUT YOU’RE NOT AT HOME
I remember this passage….AND YOU’RE NOT ALONE
Oh love sweet vessel
In peace we nestle
We don’t wrestle we lasso you in the love
We lasso              ….YOU IN THE LOVE…..
Oh we lasso            ….ONLY IN LOVE….
So lets lasso            ….ONLY IN LOVE….
We must ….COME….We must be….TOGETHER….
We must ….COME….We must be….TOGETHER….
At least in Healing, at least in healing.
Lets come together
Lets be together
At least in Healing, at least in healing.
 ———————————————————————–
If you hate me
Even if you infiltrate me
I’mma Love you, I’m gonna love you
and if I was you, and if I was you
I would adore you, not open the door to
Try and destroy you, or ……BRING YOU PAIN …….
what part of the game is that?
we so insane with that and who makes a name with that?
WHO MAKES A NAME WITH THAT?
We need you and you need us ….THE LOVE, THE LOVE, THE LOVE
We feed you and you feed us …. THE LOVE, THE LOVE, THE LOVE
Find me on the L-O-V-E station
Enemies on deflation
I took my chelation
And now my relation is all about elation
My Nation, about elevation
We must ….COME….We must be….TOGETHER….
We must ….COME….We must be….TOGETHER….
We must heal ourselves to get better
in the way we live our lives
Hands raised high, we give our five
to encourage this drive, we live and strive
30 years I delivered this message ….BUT YOU’RE NOT AT HOME
I remember this passage….AND YOU’RE NOT ALONE
Oh love sweet vessel
In peace we nestle
We don’t wrestle we lasso you in the love
We lasso              ….YOU IN THE LOVE…..
Oh we lasso            ….ONLY IN LOVE….
So lets lasso            ….ONLY IN LOVE….
We must ….COME….We must be….TOGETHER….
We must ….COME….We must be….TOGETHER….
At least in Healing, at least in healing.
Lets come together
Lets be together
At least in Healing, at least in healing.
Come together to heal in Love.

Here is what Dr. Sebi is saying in the audio:

Listen, we must come together, at least in healing. And remember that in healing, the one thing you will always remember is that love comes out of you for everyone. You know like you still hear racism; white hate blacks, black hate white? That fine. We have our journey. Our journey was always one to give love.
I don’t know if we are going to be as careless now to allow the foreigners to tell us what to do and allow them to infiltrate in whatever way and destroy our little thing, but it is about loving everybody including your enemy. Sure it is true, because the loving your enemy you feel know pain; when you hate your enemy, only one person feel pain.

The Plumber

A human plumber; Dr. Sebi has consistently explained that this is all he is. While among thousands of healing enthusiasts of his time so many were detoxing to get rid of what many were referring to as viruses, bacteria and germs; Dr. Sebi was flushing the mucus out of the bodies of the people who were suffering from great illnesses.

Lets hear it from Dr. Sebi.

im-a-plumber


THE PLUMBER

Dr. Sebi is a human plumber, but what is he plumbing and why? He is not plumbing pipes, he’s plumbing the body. Something is going on with the human that is keeping it from receiving in the gut, the electricity that it is capable of receiving. The presence of mucus strips the body of its minerals and deprives it of the oxygen that can also aid in enriching the body. Dr. Sebi explains it and gets deep into the details so much that we are finally able to comprehend an activity in our body where mucus takes on a specific role in prolonging the healing process. There are some conditions that we suffer from that can not be reached until we fast. Those of us who can not fast, we have the nutritional guide to follow and products such as the Chelation. The goal is to unclogged the microvilli. Once we do this, our metabolism will pick back up.

 

THE MICROVILLI

duodenum-a2aMicrovilli, in the most simplistic terms, are tiny little projections that exist in, on, and around cells. They can exist on their own or in conjunction with villi. The linings in some mucous membranes, most specifically of the small intestine, there exist tiny folds that project out like numerous fingers. These are called villi. On each of the villi, there are even smaller folds that stick out like fingers called microvilli. If you have ever seen a metric ruler, you can see the centimeters and in between those are the millimeters. It is a similar thing here; the villi would be like the centimeters, while the microvilli would be the millimeters falling in between.

duodenum-1The microvilli have their own plasma membrane that covers them. Inside of them they have almost no organelles, but they do have cytoplasm (cellular fluid) and some microfilaments (strands of actin, a protein), which help give them their structure. They are essentially bundles of cross-linked actin fibers. Think of them as the fibers of a cotton shirt.

Where Are They Found?
Microvilli are most often found in the small intestine, on the surface of egg cells, as well as on white blood cells. In the intestine, they work duodenum-4in conjunction with villi to absorb more nutrients and more material because they expand the surface area of the intestine.

Review some of the pictures below, of the microvilli

 

 

 

 

 

Here is what Dr. Sebi is saying in the audio:

So now, as we total all this up with all these diseases have been cured. How were they cured? I hate to go into it. Why? Because I’m a plumber.

 

That is all I am, a human plumber. You know the plumber that goes to your house and get all the feces out your house because it’s overflowing? And it stinks when it overflows from the toilet isn’t it? And how you think it happens in your body? When the feces is overflowing, your lymphatic glands are swollen, my lymph nodes are swollen – the doctor took them out, my colon is extended. What’s inside that colon? The duodenum. The duodenum is a little orifice that joins the small intestines to the stomach. But right here, we find something. They call these, “Microvillis.” Microvillis can not digest a piece of metal. It digests electricity.

 
It is the electrical composition of the plant that you using and the food that you get in your body. I listen. I listen to what truth? Truth is the human body needs minerals that are alive but first you’re have to cleans that garbage out. Because if I give you minerals that are good and energizing ; the microvillis are all clogged. They all clogged with cheese and butter and biscuites. So the microvillis are all smothered. So I have to remove this stuff and then the microvilli will extract the food. Do we understand that? Sure we do. That’s not science, that’s reality. That’s God, that’s Natural.

 
The cleansing of the human body and the revitalizing of the human body is what takes away all disease.

It’s Not Hereditary

“Dr. Sebi, you know, in my family, heart condition is hereditary.” Dr. Sebi replies to say, “Heart condition is hereditary? What about the hog maw? Isn’t that hereditary too? What about the pork chop? That’s hereditary!”

Hear the rest for yourself

Its Not Hereditary


IS DISEASE HEREDITARY?

When we eat compromised and detrimental items titled as food, what we are really getting is STIMULANTS that merely deprive the body of the oxygen and the mineral nutrition that the cells of the body need. So the body stores and collects toxins and accumulates more fat to increase its ability to stash toxins until it is able to get rid of it. While this is taking place, cells are not being fed and while cells aren’t being fed, the organ structure is not being fed which will soon result in the central nervous system being compromised and the organs neglecting to perform the duties that they were designed to do.

The medical industry is successful because we are addicted to poison. The medical industry is a prodigious sponsor of the food industry to the point where due to marketing strategy in the business world, the food industry now serves as a toxic/poisonous fence around our communities in order to keep disease producing items closer to us and healthier cell food feeding items far more distant from us. And the high prices for healthy food offers a balance for such devious goals.

WE CAN’T JUST BE TOLD TO STOP EATING IT

Once your cells are fed, you will no longer experience the cravings caused by chemicals/preservatives in foods that hit you with the combination of starving your cells and stimulating both the parasites and areas in the brain that aggravate nerves associated with the appetite.

HOW DO WE CURE SO CALLED, “INCURABLE” DISEASES?

The source of common so called incurable disease is found in the gut. While enemas, colonics or colon hydrotherapy may help, Dr Sebi felt that it could not reach all the necessary areas. Dr. Sebi does not recommend enemas. However, only in extreme condition (patient being in a coma) and then he would only use the herbs “Arnica” or “Lily of The Valley.” If the patient is not in a coma, he does not recommend the enema. And the reason he would use these herbs with the water combination (enema) is to make sure that the solution that he is using will have compounds that will prevent microorganisms commonly referred to as “bacteria” from replenishing itself in the colon.

Along the walls of our tissues, mucus is known to trap any inorganic substance that can contribute to kidney stones, brain tumors, internal and external sores. So Dr Sebi expresses that mucus must be flushed out through the immunological system which includes the blood, the lymphatic system and the skin. This is how he cures AIDS, herpes and blindness. He is very strict about the things you should not eat while going through the healing process and he encourages you to drink a gallon of water a day while taking the African Bio Mineral Balance compounds.

HERE IS WHAT DR. SEBI IS SAYING IN THE AUDIO ABOVE

Dr. Sebi, you know, in my family, heart condition is hereditary.
Heart condition is hereditary? What about the hog maw? Isn’t that hereditary too?
What about the pork chop? That’s hereditary!

 

So when you tell me that the disease is hereditary, you have to tell me that the food that made that disease hereditary, is what you’re still eating.
That happened to DR. Sebi.

 

Dr. Sebi had diabetes when he was only 30. Dr. Sebi was impotent at 30. He was born with asthma. Dr. Sebi wore glasses at 30. And he weighed 291. Then when I look back into the history of my parents, they too had diabetes, they too was obese, they too wear glasses.

 

So how do we break this thing we call, hereditary? You stop eating the food that come with the hereditary. And you break that cycle. Easy isn’t it? Of course it is easy.

 

But now we ask a question. After eating hog maw, pork chop, collard greens, chitterlings
for 500 years; ask someone to stop!

 

Then we have the nerve to point our finger at someone who takes cocaine.
How do we do that? Just how do we have room to criticize someone that uses cocaine?
When we have salt on the table. We have salt and sugar; salt & sugar on the table!
And we gonna criticize someone that use cocaine? We have no room. I have no room.
I give thanks to God that I’m ALIVE, after going all through that.
Diabetes, asthma, impotence, blind and insane!

 

 

 

 

 

A Visit To Dr. Sebi’s Cell Food in Los Angeles

Dr. Sebi Lives Through All Of Us

A visit To The LA Office of Dr Sebi Cell Food

Dr. Sebi Lives Through All Of Us

Poor health is known to cause people to internally reside in dark places which is both a metaphysical and technical form of death according to a conscience-life resonating criterion. When a poor health state is reversed, one is then capable of conceiving a value equivalent to reflecting the ultimate benefits of paradise. Health is wealth; not money. Love can create and transform a world that many still doubt can exist; and thanks to Dr. Sebi for spreading the message that the home of LOVE can be found in good health.

We would do well to pay tribute to Dr. Sebi by remembering many of the things that he has shared with us over the years and start sharing it with others so that they also will have additional options for reversing disease when they are ready to determine what they would like to apply.

Dr. Sebi’s social struggles were plenty after coining an expression that acknowledges a people whose need for healing was fundamental because far too many of them had been conditioned to consume every one’s food but their own – the African bio-mineral balance. The civil discord that Dr. Sebi would experience reflected strongly within the healing community thirty years ago when he became incongruous merely because it was hard to accept that Dr. Sebi’s message deserved a titling category separate from vegetarians and vegans. The attributes found among those who were not amused, grew expeditiously as Dr. Sebi found more than comfort but sound duty to present the category of COMPLIMENTARY substances instead of “alternative” and “holistic” substances.

Dr. Sebi is responsible for setting the STANDARD after a jury of six men and six women found him not guilty on two counts of practicing medicine without a license. In a historical and unprecedented decision by the New York Supreme Court, Dr. Sebi was rightfully acquitted after he was charged for publicly stating he cured AIDS, Herpes and other incurable diseases. His explanation for it all – he has presented since a time before many of us were ever born. Fortunately, much of what he shared can be found on YouTube, blogtalkradio and thousands of blogs. A variety of subject matters have been collected from these platforms and archived at our website.

Becoming an official advocate for Dr. Sebi in order to show support for the archiving efforts, Dr. Sebi’s legacy not only lives on but crushes misinformation in regards to things that he has personally presented for over 35 years. To learn about joining the advocates for Dr. Sebi click HERE.

After learning the devastating news of Dr. Sebi’s passing, I decided to travel to Dr. Sebi’s facilities in Los Angeles, California, where I had the opportunity to share moments with Dr. Sebi’s team. I met each and all of Dr. Sebi’s Cell Food staff and I was happy to see how they were all trained by Dr. Sebi in accordance with his syllogism. Dr. Sebi’s Cell Food staff is a big united family who dearly loved Dr. Sebi and who stand for Dr. Sebi’s principles. They are now, more than ever, determined and have made it each their personal mission to provide Dr. Sebi’s community with the healing compassion and love that defines Dr. Sebi’s core principles and ideology. Making sure that Dr. Sebi lives through them is truly at the heart of Dr. Sebi’s Cell Food staff’s sincere intentions.

I was pleased to see the staff at Dr. Sebi’s Cell Food in Los Angeles will continue to oversee, protect and showcase Dr. Sebi’s vision and principles. Dr. Sebi’s formulas will be kept intact within the organization and will continue to produce them strictly as Dr. Sebi personally instructed them to do so.

-Zee Malachi

4th person from the left in photo

Dr. Sebi on Virus, Germs and Bacteria

1988 Smack dab in the middle of the supreme court Dr. Sebi said, “There is no such thing as a virus, a germ or bacteria.” The judge said, “What is it then?” It is a microbe that is generated in the body when erosion begins,” said Dr. Sebi.

Nature only create the things that COMPLIMENT itself in support of life.  How does a virus, a germ or bacteria compliment or support in life? THEY DON’T! And in Dr. Sebi’s words, “THEY NEVER EXISTED.”

But listen to Dr. Sebi Say it himself.

Virus Germ and Bacteria Nevr Existed
In order to help teach or spread Dr. Sebi’s message to others, you may copy and paste to whoever you may be speaking with in social media groups:

Everything in nature COMPLIMENTS! Everything compliments!

 

A bacteria, a gerrn, a virus simply does not exist. It is a manifestation that is caused by erosion. But the erosion is cause by mucus and the mucus came from the foods that you eat.

 

When cells cease to receive oxygen they break down and depending where the erosion is taking place, there the disease you would have. If the erosion is in the nostril then it is sinusitis. If it’s in the bronchial tubes, it’s bronchitis. If it’s in the lung it’s pneumonia.

 

The only thing that causes the body to go into erosion is acid. Not alkalinity; acidity.

See FULL VIDEO

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Addiction

“The man that takes alcohol, heroin and cocaine is far from being and addict” Dr. Sebi says. Chemicals and spices that will harden our arteries were given to us as we grew up and as result we would give way to other stronger drugs. Dr. Sebi easily cures people addicted to any drug by applying a naturally electrical substance.
Listen for yourself.

Addiction
Dr. Sebi in his powerful presentation actually exposes the principle of an addict between those who consume chemicals, drugs or alcohol. The principle is based on DEPENDING on an unnatural source of STIMULATION. A person who is not proficient in eating natural and native foods will have lowered their electrical state of the body and due to the inability to select a strict diet, they then depend on drugs for the sensation of stimulation.

Iboga banner

Iboga

 

Dr. Sebi is no stranger to the call for help when it comes to addictions. We know that he uses a lot of plant based iron for a natural stimulant, mushrooms and even Iboga. An African introduced Dr Sebi to the Iboga, not the ibogaine. Ibogaine is an adulterated version of iboga. The iboga plant comes from Cameroon, Central Africa and will remove an addiction over night if you take it in the raw pure form. Ibogain is a chemical version of iboga. The iboga plant is rich in iron and calcium and it’s a natural plant.

The mushroom Dr Sebi was speaking about, is the Stropharia cubensis. {Thank you Manolo Ramiro}

stropharia-cubensis

 

 

 

 

 

 

Iron plusBio Ferro

 

 

Both of the Iron products here (Iron Plus & Bio Ferro) are the compounds used to gradually bring the energy levels.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dead Pancreas

You’re a diabetic (brittle diabetes) with high blood pressure, poor circulation and the doctor tells you that your pancreas is DEAD!!! “Your pancreas is dead!,” says the hospital doctor, but what does Dr. Sebi have to say about that? Put your seat belt on and listen to what Dr Sebi has to say about it.

Obstructed Pancreas

The ducts of the pancreas is obstructed; not dead.
If the pancreas die, you die! It doesn’t only produce insulin, but substances for metabolism to provide energy. Without this, you die.

IN GENERAL
The pancreas is a 6-inch long heterocrine gland located inferior to the stomach and surrounded by the duodenum on its medial end. This organ extends laterally from the duodenum toward the left side of the abdominal cavity, where it tapers to a point. The pancreas is considered a heterocrine gland because it has both endocrine and exocrine gland functions. Small masses of endocrine cells known as pancreatic islets make up around 1% of the pancreas and produce the hormones insulin and glucagon to regulate glucose homeostasis in the blood stream. The other 99% of the pancreas contains exocrine cells that produce powerful solutions that are excreted into the duodenum during digestion. These solutions (bio minerals, sodium bicarbonate, water) secreted from the pancreas are known as pancreatic juice.

IN DETAIL
The alpha cells of the pancreas produce glucagon. Glucagon raises blood glucose levels by stimulating the liver to metabolize glycogen into glucose molecules and to release glucose into the blood. Glucagon also stimulates adipose tissue to metabolize triglycerides into glucose and to release glucose into the blood.

Insulin is produced by the beta cells of the pancreas. This hormone lowers blood glucose levels after a meal by stimulating the absorption of glucose by liver, muscle, and adipose tissues. Insulin triggers the formation of glycogen in the muscles and liver and triglycerides in adipose to store the absorbed glucose.

For More Detailed Information On The Digestive System Click Here

Bromide Plus Pwd You can receive majority of your bio minerals and sodium bicarbonate by consuming tea via Dr Sebi’s Bromide Plus PWD. The unique combination of its ingredients makes Bromide plus a powerful nourisher for the bones and thyroid gland. It is helpful treating bad breath, pulmonary illnesses, respiratory issues, dysentery. Bromide Plus acts as a natural diuretic, it suppresses the appetite regulates bowels and its helpful in the overall digestive system. It’s key ingredient is the “Bladderwrack” (Fucus Vesiculous). It is a seaweed found on the coasts of the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean and the Baltic Sea. It is recognized as the original source of iodine. Bladderwrack is rich in beta-carotene, bromine, potassium, alginic and mannitol.
Bladderwrack is a potent anti-inflammatory used to treat constipation, diarrhea, gastritis, gastroesophageal reflux disease, indigestion, heartburn, and low stomach acidity. It is also used to treat Hypothyroidism and Iodine Deficiency. Bladderwrack is an excellent source of iodine that stimulates the thyroid gland.

Check with Dr. Sebi’s office to see if they still have the DBT  (now called Endocrine) on the therapeutic package.
DBT is for the cleansing and nourishing of the pancreas. The stomach, gallbladder, and pancreas are three of the most important digestive organs in the human body. These organs work together to produce and store secretions that digest our food into its most basic building blocks. The pancreas manufactures insulin which it secrets into the blood stream. Insulin is essential for the proper utilization of sugar in the body.

Midsection Digestive System

 

Digestive system

 

 

 

Pancreas system
SOURCE Prepared by Tim Taylor, Anatomy and Physiology Instructor.

Digestion
The stomach, gallbladder, and pancreas work together as a team to perform the majority of the digestion of food.

  1. Food entering the stomach from the esophagus has been minimally processed – it has been physically digested by chewing and moistened by saliva, but is chemically almost identical to unchewed food.
  2. Upon entering the stomach, each mass of swallowed food comes into contact with the acidic gastric juice, which contains hydrochloric acid and the protein-digesting enzyme pepsin. These chemicals begin working on the chemical digestion of the molecules that make up the food.
  3. At the same time, the food is mixed by the smooth muscles of the stomach wall to increase the amount of contact between the food and the gastric juice. The secretions of the stomach also continue the process of moistening and physically softening the food until the food becomes an acidic semi-liquid material known aschyme.
  4. At this point, the stomach begins to push the chyme through the pyloric sphincter and into the duodenum.
  5. In the duodenum, the bulk of digestion is completed thanks to the preparation of chyme by the stomach and the addition of secretions from the gallbladder and pancreas. Bile from the gallbladder acts as an emulsifier to break large masses of fats into smaller masses. Pancreatic juice contains bicarbonate ions to neutralize the hydrochloric acid of chyme. Enzymes present in the pancreatic juice complete the chemical digestion of large molecules that began in the mouth and stomach.
  6. The completely digested food is then ready for absorption by the intestines.

Storage
The stomach, gallbladder, and pancreas all function together as storage organs of the digestive system. The stomach stores food that has been ingested and releases it in small masses to the duodenum. The release of small masses of food at a time improves the digestive efficiency of the intestines, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas and prevents undigested food from making its way into feces.

As they are accessory organs of the digestive system, the gallbladder and pancreas have no food passing through them. They do, however, act as storage organs by storing the chemicals necessary for the chemical digestion of foods. The gallbladder stores bile produced by the liver so that there is a sufficient supply of bile on hand to digest fats at any given time. The pancreas stores the pancreatic juice produced by its own exocrine glands so that it is prepared to digest foods at all times.

Secretion
The stomach, gallbladder, and pancreas all share the common function of secretion of substances from exocrine glands. The stomach contains 3 different exocrine cells inside of its gastric pits: mucous cells, parietal cells, and chief cells.

  • Mucous cells produce mucus and bicarbonate ion that cover the surface of the stomach lining, protecting the underlying cells from the damaging effects of hydrochloric acid and digestive enzymes.
  • Parietal cells produce hydrochloric acid to digest foods and kill pathogens that enter the body through the mouth.
  • Chief cells produce the protein pepsinogen that is turned into the enzyme pepsin when it comes into contact with hydrochloric acid. Pepsin digests proteins into their component amino acids.

The mixture of mucus, hydrochloric acid, and pepsin is known as gastric juice. Gastric juice mixes with food to produce chyme, which the stomach releases into the duodenum for further digestion.

The gallbladder stores and secretes bile into the duodenum to aid in the digestion of chyme. A mixture of water, bile salts, cholesterol, and bilirubin, bile emulsifies large masses of fats into smaller masses. These smaller masses have a higher ratio of surface area to volume when compared to large masses, making it easier for them to be digested.

The pancreas stores and secretes pancreatic juice into the duodenum to complete the chemical digestion of food that began in the mouth and stomach. Pancreatic juice contains a mixture of enzymes including amylases, proteases, lipases, and nucleases.

  • Carbohydrates entering the small intestine are broken down into monosaccharides by enzymes such as pancreatic amylase, maltase, and lactase.
  • Proteins in the duodenum are chemically digested into amino acids by pancreatic enzymes such as trypsin and carboxypeptidase.
  • Pancreatic lipase breaks triglycerides into fatty acids and monoglycerides.
  • The nucleic acids DNA and RNA are broken down by nucleases into their component sugars and nitrogenous bases.

Hormones
Several hormones are used to regulate the functions of the stomach, gallbladder, and pancreas. The hormones gastrin, cholecystokinin, and secretin are secreted by organs of the digestive system in response to the presence of food and change the function of the stomach, gallbladder, and pancreas. Our pancreas produces the hormones insulin and glucagon to affect the behavior of cells throughout the body.

  • Gastrin is a hormone produced by the walls of the stomach in response to the filling of the stomach with food. Food stretches the stomach walls and raises the normally acidic pH of the stomach. G cells in the gastric glands of the stomach respond to these changes by producing gastrin. G cells release gastrin into the blood where it stimulates the exocrine cells of the stomach to produce gastric juice. Gastrin also stimulates smooth muscle tissue of the gastrointestinal tract to increase the mixing and movement of food. Finally, gastrin relaxes the smooth muscles that form the pyloric sphincter, causing the pyloric sphincter to open. The opening of the pyloric sphincter allows food stored in the stomach to begin entering the duodenum for further digestion and absorption in the intestines.
  • Cholecystokinin (CCK), a hormone produced in the walls of the small intestine, is released into the bloodstream in response to the presence of chyme in the intestine that contains high levels of proteins and fats. Proteins and fats are more difficult for the body to digest than carbohydrates are, so CCK is important in making changes to the digestive system to handle these types of foods. CCK travels through the bloodstream to the stomach, where it slows the emptying of the stomach to give the intestines more time to digest the protein- and fat-rich chyme. CCK also stimulates the gallbladder and pancreas to increase their secretion of bile and pancreatic juice to improve the digestion of fats and proteins. Finally, CCK is detected by receptors in the satiety center of the hypothalamus that control the feeling of hunger. The satiety center reads the presence of CCK as an indication that the body is no longer hungry for food.
  • Secretin is another hormone produced by the intestinal walls, but unlike CCK, it is produced in response to the acidity of chyme that the stomach releases into the duodenum. Secretin flows through the bloodstream to the stomach, where it inhibits the production of hydrochloric acid by parietal cells. Secretin also binds to receptors in the gallbladder and pancreas, stimulating them to secrete increased amounts of bile and pancreatic juice. Sodium bicarbonate present in pancreatic juice neutralizes the acidity of the chyme to prevent damage to the walls of the duodenum and provides a neutral pH environment for the digestion of chyme.
  • Insulin is a hormone produced by the beta cells of the pancreatic islets of the pancreas. The pancreas produces insulin in response to the presence of high levels of glucose in the blood. Insulin stimulates cells, particularly in the liver and skeletal muscles, to absorb glucose from the blood and use it as an energy source or store it as glycogen. Insulin also stimulates adipocytes to absorb glucose to build triglycerides for energy storage. Our body produces higher levels of insulin following a meal in order to remove glucose molecules from the blood before they can reach high concentrations and become toxic to the body’s cells.
  • Glucagon is a hormone produced by the alpha cells of the pancreatic islets of the pancreas. Glucagon acts as an antagonist to insulin by stimulating the release of glucose into the bloodstream to raise blood glucose levels between meals. Hepatocytes in the liver store glucose in large macromolecules known as glycogen. Glucagon binding to receptors on hepatocytes triggers the breakdown of glycogen into many glucose molecules, which are then released into the bloodstream.